Tomorrow -- we will have a review session. Since this wasn't listed on the syllabus, I won't take attendance.
- by giving natural objects rights (Stone)
- through ecosabotage (If a Tree Falls, Foreman, Martin)
- by demanding environmental justice ... B+B (Wenz)
- through green personal choices - recycling, buying a hybrid, changing lightbulbs, not buying bottled water, eating less meat, etc. (Pojman, Begley)
The Super-Green Life
Thinking about green lifestyles
- Can you reduce your footprint and be just as happy? Around the globe (great resource)
- If you make green choices, is there any downside? Sharon Begley and more from Begley
- Begley discusses experiments done by Toronto psychologists Mazar and Zhong - volunteers split into two groups. Group 1 visits online green store, Group 2 visits another online store.
- EXPERIMENT 1. Afterwards, subjects in each group play "dictator game". "They were given $6, and told they could propose to divide the money with a partner any way they liked. The caveat: the partner could accept or reject the proposed division, and if he rejected it, then no one would get any money." Group 1 (that visited green store) proposed less generous splits.
- EXPERIMENT 2. Volunteers are given $25 to spend at the two stores. Afterwards, they are even less generous when playing dictator game and cheat at a computer game.
- Interpretation: "people have an inner sense of how morally virtuous they need to feel to support their self-image. If a few actions (including espousing actions for other people) are enough to justify how we like to think of ourselves, then we do not need to perform any additional virtuous actions. It's as if we accumulate moral points for ethical actions, and having accumulated "enough" we are free to act amorally, or even immorally. That's why reminding people of what wonderful humanitarians they are causes them to give less to charity." (Begley)
- Will green lifestyles solve major problems? Begley: It takes collective action and legislation to solve environmental problems
- Moral of the story, according to Begley: DO make green choices, but (a) watch out for later "compensation" and (b) look for collective action opportunities
- What collective action opportunities exist?